Half-Synthetic Yeast Genome: The Future of Genetic Engineering
#shorts #yeast cell #chromosomes #synthetic and native genes #genome
Scientists have created a yeast cell with a genome that’s over 50 percent synthetic, including the world’s first entirely synthetic chromosome. They did this by removing so-called “junk” DNA from the genome and replacing it with new snippets of DNA, shuffling the order of genes, and removing tRNA genes. Then they put all of the synthetic chromosomes into a single yeast cell, which survived and even replicated similarly to wild yeast. This is a huge breakthrough that could lead to new ways to study and apply biology, from creating new microbial strains for greener bioproduction to helping us understand and combat disease.