The European Commission has officially confirmed which tech companies, and which of their services, count as gatekeepers under its strict new Digital Markets Act (DMA).
The companies listed all appeared on a provisional list released in early July, and mostly consist of American tech giants.
According to the commission, 22 core platform services provided by gatekeepers must now comply with the DMA’s obligations by March 6th, 2024.
These include social networking services like Facebook and Instagram, search engines, and operating systems.
Gatekeepers are banned from promoting their own products and services in ways that are different from those of other companies on their platforms.
Here are some of the services that count as ‘gatekeepers’: Google Search will be regulated as a search engine, Microsoft’s Windows as an operating system and Meta’s Instagram as a social networking service.